ZZ Plant

Zamioculcas zamiifolia, commonly called ZZ plant or aroid palm, is an aroid family member that is native to dry grassland and forest in Eastern Africa.



Zamioculcas→ZZ Plant (Zamioculcas zamiifolia)

Common names:
ZZ Plant
Zanzibar Gem
Aroid Palm
Succulent Philodendron


General Plant Information
Plant Habit: Herb/Forb
Life cycle: Perennial
Sun Requirements: Full Sun to Partial Shade
Partial or Dappled Shade
Water Preferences: Mesic
Dry Mesic
Soil pH Preferences: Slightly acid (6.1 – 6.5)
Minimum cold hardiness: Zone 9a -6.7 °C (20 °F) to -3.9 °C (25 °F)
Maximum recommended zone: Zone 11
Plant Height: 1 to 3 feet; depending on growing conditions, the plant may attain heights to 4 feet.
Plant Spread: 1 to 3 feet
Leaves: Evergreen
Other: Shiny, leather-like leaves. Evergreen unless underwatered in which case plant can go dormant.
Fruiting Time: Year Round
Other: Globose, white berries containing 1 to 2 seeds.
Flowers: Inconspicuous
Other: Aroid spathe and spadix
Flower Color: Yellow
Bloom Size: Under 1″
Flower Time: Late summer or early fall
Year Round
Inflorescence Height: 1-2 inches
Underground structures: Rhizome
Suitable Locations: Houseplant
Resistances: Powdery Mildew
Tolerates dry shade
Humidity tolerant
Drought tolerant
Toxicity: Leaves are poisonous
Fruit is poisonous
Other: All parts of plant contain calcium oxalate crystals, an irritant to the mouth and esophagus. Toxic to cats and dogs.
Propagation: Other methods: Cuttings: Stem
Cuttings: Tip
Cuttings: Leaf
Pollinators: Various insects
Containers: Suitable in 1 gallon
Needs excellent drainage in pots
Prefers to be under-potted
Miscellaneous: Tolerates poor soil
Goes Dormant